Raspberry Pi 3

    The Raspberry Pi 3 has a quad core 1.2GHz processor, with 1GB of RAM. Kali Linux fits on an external microSD card.

    By default, the Kali Linux Raspberry Pi 3 image contains the kali-linux-default metapackage similar to most other platforms. If you wish to install extra tools please refer to our metapackages page.

    The Raspberry Pi 3 has a 64-bit processor and can run 64-bit images. Because it can run 64-bit images, you can choose either Kali Linux RaspberryPi 2, 3, 4 and 400 (img.xz) or Kali Linux RaspberryPi 2 (v1.2), 3, 4 and 400 (64-Bit) (img.xz) as the image to run, the latter being 64-bit.

    We recommend using the 32-bit image on Raspberry Pi devices as that gets far more testing, and a lot of documentation out there expects you to be running RaspberryPi OS which is 32-bit.

    The Raspberry Pi images use Re4son’s kernel, which includes the drivers for external Wi-Fi cards, TFT displays, and the nexmon firmware for the built-in wireless card on the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4. You will not need to download it and install it, and doing so will likely be a downgrade over the current installed kernel.

    Kali on Raspberry Pi 3 - User Instructions

    If you’re unfamiliar with the details of downloading and validating a Kali Linux image, or for using that image to create a bootable device, it’s strongly recommended that you refer to the more detailed procedures described in the specific articles on those subjects.

    To install a pre-built image of the standard build of Kali Linux on your Raspberry Pi 3, follow these instructions:

    1. Get a fast microSD card with at least 16GB capacity. Class 10 cards are highly recommended.
    2. Download and validate our preferred Kali Raspberry Pi 3 image from the downloads area. The process for validating an image is described in more detail on Downloading Kali Linux.
    3. Use the dd utility to image this file to your microSD card (same process as making a Kali USB.

    In our example, we assume the storage device is located at /dev/sdb. Do not simply copy these value, change this to the correct drive path.

    This process will wipe out your microSD card. If you choose the wrong storage device, you may wipe out your computers hard disk.

    $ xzcat kali-linux-$version-rpi4-nexmon.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdb bs=4M status=progress


    $ xzcat kali-linux-$version-rpi4-nexmon-64.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdb bs=4M status=progress

    This process can take a while, depending on your PC, your microSD’s speed, and the size of the Kali Linux image.

    Once the dd operation is complete, boot up the Raspberry Pi 3 with the microSD plugged in.

    You should be able to log in to Kali.

    Kali on Raspberry Pi 3 - Tips and Tricks

    The bluetooth service on the Raspberry Pi 3 needs a uart helper service before it works. To enable and start the bluetooth service run the following commands:

    kali@kali:~$ sudo systemctl enable --now uart.service
    kali@kali:~$ sudo systemctl enable --now bluetooth.service

    If you are on the 5.10 kernel, you can use mt76 chipset USB Wi-Fi devices, but they require creating a configuration file in /etc/modprobe.d with the following contents:

    # Load mt76usb without using scatter-gather which doesn't work on the RPi2 or RPi3 USB chipset
    options mt76-usb disabe_usb_sg=1

    Kali on Raspberry Pi 3 - Image Customization

    If you want to customize the Kali Raspberry Pi 3 image, including changes to the packages being installed, changing the desktop environment, increasing or decreasing the image file size or generally being adventurous, check out the Kali-ARM Build-Scripts repository on GitLab, and follow the README.md file’s instructions. The script to use is rpi3-nexmon.sh (32-bit) or rpi3-64.sh (64-bit).

    Updated on: 2021-Apr-28
    Author: steev