Raspberry Pi 4
Table of Contents
The Raspberry Pi 4 has a quad core 1.5GHz processor, with 2GB, 4GB or 8GB of RAM, depending on model. Kali Linux runs on a microSD card.
The Raspberry Pi 4 has a 64-bit processor and can run 64-bit images.
Because it can run 64-bit images, you can choose either
Kali Linux RaspberryPi 2, 3, 4 and 400 (img.xz) or
Kali Linux RaspberryPi 2 (v1.2), 3, 4 and 400 (64-Bit) (img.xz) as the image to run, the latter being 64-bit.
We recommend using the 32-bit image on Raspberry Pi devices as that gets far more testing, and a lot of documentation out there expects you to be running RaspberryPi OS which is 32-bit.
The Raspberry Pi images use Re4son’s kernel, which includes the drivers for external Wi-Fi cards, TFT displays, and the nexmon firmware for the built-in wireless card on the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4. You will not need to download it and install it, and doing so will likely be a downgrade over the current installed kernel.
Kali on Raspberry Pi 4 - User Instructions
If you’re unfamiliar with the details of downloading and validating a Kali Linux image, or for using that image to create a bootable device, it’s strongly recommended that you refer to the more detailed procedures described in the specific articles on those subjects.
To install a pre-built image of the standard build of Kali Linux on your Raspberry Pi 4, follow these instructions:
- Get a fast microSD card with at least 16GB capacity. Class 10 cards are highly recommended.
- Download and validate our preferred
Kali Raspberry Pi 4image from the downloads area. The process for validating an image is described in more detail on Downloading Kali Linux.
- Use the dd utility to image this file to your microSD card (same process as making a Kali USB.
In our example, we assume the storage device is located at
/dev/sdX. Do not simply copy these value, change this to the correct drive path.
This process will wipe out your microSD card. If you choose the wrong storage device, you may wipe out your computers hard disk.
$ xzcat kali-linux-2023.4-raspberry-pi-armhf.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=4M status=progress
$ xzcat kali-linux-2023.4-raspberry-pi-arm64.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=4M status=progress
This process can take a while, depending on your PC, your microSD’s speed, and the size of the Kali Linux image.
Once the dd operation is complete, boot up the Raspberry Pi 4 with the microSD plugged in.
You should be able to log in to Kali.
Kali on Raspberry Pi 4 - Tips and Tricks
The bluetooth service on the Raspberry Pi 4 needs a uart helper service before it works. To enable and start the bluetooth service run the following commands:
kali@kali:~$ sudo systemctl enable --now hciuart.service
kali@kali:~$ sudo systemctl enable --now bluetooth.service
By default, audio is routed via HDMI, so you won’t hear audio via the 3.5mm audio jack. You can run the following command in order to redirect the output:
kali@kali:~$ $ sudo amixer -c 0 set numid=3 1
Kali on Raspberry Pi 4 Headless - Tips and Tricks
You can add a
wpa_supplicant.conf file to the first partition of the microSD card to connect to a wireless network.
You can create this file on another Linux system by running
wpa_passphrase YOURNETWORK > wpa_supplicant.conf. It will prompt you for the wireless network’s password. You can add the password to the command as you run it, but keep in mind that if you do, your wifi network password will be in your user’s shell history.
Kali on the Raspberry Pi 4 - Examples
We love seeing users come up with their own images and sharing them.
Kali on Raspberry Pi 4 - Image Customization
If you want to customize the Kali Raspberry Pi 4 image, including changes to the packages being installed, changing the desktop environment, increasing or decreasing the image file size or generally being adventurous, check out the Kali-ARM Build-Scripts repository on GitLab, and follow the README.md file’s instructions. The script to use is
raspberry-pi.sh (32-bit) or
Updated on: 2023-Dec-06