Raspberry Pi 1 (Original)
Table of Contents
The early revisions of Raspberry Pi 1 (Original) boards have a full-size SD card slot, however later board revisions moved to a microSD card slot. We document using the full-size SD card, but the process is the same for microSD card.
The Raspberry Pi 1 is a low-cost, credit-card-sized ARM computer. Despite being a being less powerful than a “standard” laptop or desktop PC, its affordability makes it an excellent option for a tiny Linux system. The Raspberry Pi 1 provides a full-size SD card slot for mass storage and will attempt to boot off that device when the board is powered on.
The Raspberry Pi 1 images use Re4son’s kernel, which includes the drivers for external Wi-Fi cards, TFT displays, and the nexmon firmware for the built-in wireless card on the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4. You will not need to download it and install it, and doing so will likely be a downgrade over the current installed kernel.
Kali on Raspberry Pi 1 - User Instructions
If you’re unfamiliar with the details of downloading and validating a Kali Linux image, or for using that image to create a bootable device, it’s strongly recommended that you refer to the more detailed procedures described in the specific articles on those subjects.
To install a pre-built image of the standard build of Kali Linux on your Raspberry Pi, the general process goes as follows:
- Get a fast full-size SD card with at least 16GB capacity. Class 10 cards are highly recommended.
- Download and validate the Kali Linux Raspberry Pi 1 image from the downloads area. The process for validating an image is described in more detail on Downloading Kali Linux.
- Use the dd utility to image this file to your full-size SD card (same process as making a Kali USB.
In our example, we assume the storage device is located at
/dev/sdX. Do not simply copy these value, change this to the correct drive path.
This process will wipe out your full-size SD card. If you choose the wrong storage device, you may wipe out your computers hard disk.
$ xzcat kali-linux-2023.4-raspberry-pi1-armel.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX bs=4M status=progres
This process can take a while, depending on your PC, your full-size SD card’s speed, and the size of the Kali Linux image.
Once the dd operation is complete, boot up the Raspberry Pi 1 with the full-size SD card plugged in.
You should be able to log in to Kali.
Kali on the Raspberry Pi 1 - Tips
There is no wireless on the Raspberry Pi, so you will need to use an external device for wireless.
Kali on Raspberry Pi 1 - Image Customization
If you want to customize the Kali Raspberry Pi 1 image, including changes to the packages being installed, changing the desktop environment, increasing or decreasing the image file size or generally being adventurous, check out the Kali-ARM Build-Scripts repository on GitLab, and follow the README.md file’s instructions. The script to use is
Updated on: 2023-Dec-06