The early revisions of Raspberry Pi 1 (Original) boards have a full-size SD card slot, however later board revisions moved to a microSD card slot. We document using the full-size SD card, but the process is the same for microSD card.
The Raspberry Pi 1 (Original) is a low-cost, credit-card-sized ARM computer. Despite being a being less powerful than a “standard” laptop or desktop PC, its affordability makes it an excellent option for a tiny Linux system. The Raspberry Pi provides a full-size SD card slot for mass storage and will attempt to boot off that device when the board is powered on.
The Raspberry Pi images use Re4son’s kernel, which includes the drivers for external Wi-Fi cards, TFT displays, and the nexmon firmware for the built-in wireless card on the Raspberry Pi 3 and 4. You will not need to download it and install it, and doing so will likely be a downgrade over the current installed kernel.
Kali on Raspberry Pi - User Instructions
If you’re unfamiliar with the details of downloading and validating a Kali Linux image, or for using that image to create a bootable device, it’s strongly recommended that you refer to the more detailed procedures described in the specific articles on those subjects.
To install a pre-built image of the standard build of Kali Linux on your Raspberry Pi, the general process goes as follows:
- Get a fast full-size SD card with at least 16GB capacity. Class 10 cards are highly recommended.
- Download and validate the Kali Linux Raspberry Pi image from the downloads area. The process for validating an image is described in more detail on Downloading Kali Linux.
- Use the dd utility to image this file to your full-size SD card (same process as making a Kali USB.
In our example, we assume the storage device is located at
/dev/sdb. Do not simply copy these value, change this to the correct drive path.
This process will wipe out your full-size SD card. If you choose the wrong storage device, you may wipe out your computers hard disk.
$ xzcat kali-linux-2021.2-rpi.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdb bs=4M status=progress
This process can take a while, depending on your PC, your full-size SD card’s speed, and the size of the Kali Linux image.
Once the dd operation is complete, boot up the Raspberry Pi with the full-size SD card plugged in.
You should be able to log in to Kali.
Kali on the Raspberry Pi - Tips
There is no wireless on the Raspberry Pi, so you will need to use an external device for wireless.
Kali on Raspberry Pi - Image Customization
If you want to customize the Kali Raspberry Pi image, including changes to the packages being installed, changing the desktop environment, increasing or decreasing the image file size or generally being adventurous, check out the Kali-ARM Build-Scripts repository on GitLab, and follow the README.md file’s instructions. The script to use is
Updated on: 2021-Jun-01