Kali Linux User Policy
In order to execute commands at a privileged level, Kali uses two methods todo so:
- pkexec (GUI & cli)
- sudo (cli)
It is also worth bearing in mind, some tools may perform differently without super-user privileges. An example of this is nmap. As stated on the website:
By default, Nmap performs a SYN Scan, though it substitutes a connect scan if the user does not have proper privileges to send raw packets (requires root access on Unix).
- SYN scan (
-sS) is the default for a root user. This is quicker as it only sends a SYN packet, but it requires special capabilities in order to perform this, requiring root.
- Connect scan (
-sT) is the default for a non-root user. This will complete the 3-way handshake, as a result takes longer and uses more packets than a SYN scan.
If you wish to restore how Kali previous operated, you can install the following package:
kali@kali:~$ sudo apt update kali@kali:~$ kali@kali:~$ sudo apt install -y kali-grant-root kali@kali:~$
This policy is since Kali Linux 2020.1. Here is our previous root policy.
Updated on: 2021-Oct-23