Packages and Binaries:

afflib-tools

The Advanced Forensic Format (AFF) is on-disk format for storing computer forensic information. Critical features of AFF include:

  • AFF allows you to store both computer forensic data and associated metadata in one or more files.
  • AFF allows files to be digital signed, to provide for chain-of-custody and long-term file integrity.
  • AFF allows for forensic disk images to stored encrypted and decrypted on-the-fly for processing. This allows disk images containing privacy sensitive material to be stored on the Internet.

This package provides the AFF Toolkit, that is a set of programs for working with computer forensic information. Using these tools you can:

  • Interconvert disk images between a variety of formats, including:
    • raw or “dd”;
    • splitraw (in which a single image is split between multiple files);
    • AFF format (in which the entire disk image is stored in a single file);
    • AFD format (in which a disk image is stored in multiple AFF files stored in a single directory);
    • AFM format (in which an AFF file is used to annotate a raw file).
  • Compare disk images and report the data or metadata that is different.
  • Copy disk images from one location to another, with full verification of data, metadata, and the automatic generation of a chain-of-custody segment.
  • Find errors in an AFF file and fix them.
  • Print information about a file.
  • Print detailed statistics about a file
  • Generate a XML representation of a disk image’s metadata (for example, acquisition time or the serial number of the acquisition device).
  • Produce a XML “diskprint” which allows a disk image to be rapidly fingerprinted without having the computer the SHA1 of the entire disk.

The AFF Toolkit provides these executables: affcat, affcompare, affconvert, affcopy, affcrypto, affdiskprint, affinfo, affix, affrecover, affsegment, affsign, affstats, affuse, affverify and affxml.

Installed size: 593 KB
How to install: sudo apt install afflib-tools

  • libafflib0v5
  • libc6
  • libexpat1
  • libfuse2
  • libgcc-s1
  • libssl1.1
  • libstdc++6
affcat

Output contents of an image file to stdout.

root@kali:~# affcat -h
affcat version 3.7.19
usage: affcat [options] infile [... more infiles]
options:
    -s name --- Just output segment name
    -p ###  --- just output data page number ###
    -S ###  --- Just output data sector ### (assumes 512-byte sectors). Sector #0 is first
    -q      --- quiet; don't print to STDERR if a page is skipped
    -n      --- noisy; tell when pages are skipped.
    -l      --- List all of the segment names
    -L      --- List segment names, lengths, and args
    -d      --- debug. Print the page numbers to stderr as data goes to stdout
    -b      --- Output BADFALG for bad blocks (default is NULLs)
    -v      --- Just print the version number and exit.
    -r offset:count --- seek to offset and output count characters in each file; may be repeated

affcompare

Compare the contents of an ISO file to an AFF file

root@kali:~# affcompare -h
affcompare version 3.7.19

usage: affcompare [options] file1 file2
       compares file1 with file2

or     affcompare [options] -r dir1 dir2
       compares similarly-named files in dir1 and dir2

or     affcompare [options] -s file1 file2...
       Reports if file was successfully copied to Amazon S3
       checking only for existence, not reading back the bytes.
       (Because all writes to S3 are validated by the MD5 of the object
fast options:
(These compare segments but not their contents.)
       -p        --- report about the results of preening
       -e        --- Just report about existence (use with -r)
       -s        --- Just see if all of the segments are present, but don't
                     validate the contents. (Primarily for use with Amazon S3)
other options:
       -V        --- just print the version number and exit
       -v        --- Verbose; each file as it is compared.
       -q        --- Quiet. No output except for errors
       -a        --- print what's the same (all)
       -b        --- print the numbers of differing sectors
       -c        --- print the contents of differing sectors
       -m        --- Just report about the data (ignore metadata)
       -P ###    --- Just examine the differences on page ###

Options documented above:
       -r dir1 dir2 --- recursively compare what's in dir1 with dir2, and
                       report what's in dir1 that's not in dir2
       -s        --- Check to see if named files are on Amazon S3

  affcompare file1.aff file2.aff           --- compare file1.aff and file2.aff
  affcompare f1.aff f2.aff dir1/           --- compare f1.aff with dir1/f1.aff and f2.aff with dir2/f2.aff
                                              note: dir1/ must end with a slash.
  affcompare -b img file.aff               --- compare file.aff and file.img
  affcompare -b img file1.aff file2.aff... --- compare file1.aff, file1.img, etc.
  affcompare -re dir1 dir2                --- report AFF files in dir1 but not in dir2
  affcompare -rse dir1 s3:///             --- report AFF files in dir1 but not on S3 (low bandwidth)
  affcompare -rs dir1 s3:///              --- report AFF files in dir1 but incomplete on on S3 (more bandwidth)


affconvert

Convert files between RAW and AFF formats

root@kali:~# affconvert -h
affconvert version 3.7.19

usage:   affconvert [options] file1 [... files] 

Please, see more info in manpage.

affcopy

Reorder and recompress AFF files

root@kali:~# affcopy -h
affcopy version 3.7.19
usage: affcopy [options] file1 file
                    Copies file1 to file2
       affcopy [options] file1 file2 file3 ... dir
                    Copies file1.. into dir
       affcopy [options] file1 file2 file3 ... dir1 dir2...
                    Copies file1.. into dirs1, dir2, ...

By default, all page MACs are verified on read and all segments
are verified after write.
Options:
   -v = verbose: print each file as it is copied
   -vv = very verbose: print each segment as it is copied
   -d = print debugging information as well
   -x = don't verify hashes on reads
   -y = don't verify writes
   -Xn = recompress pages (preen) with zlib level n
   -L  = recompress pages (preen) with LZMA (smaller but slower)

   -h = help; print this message.
   -V = print the program version and exit.
   -z = zap; copy even if the destination exists.
   -m = just copy the missing segments

Signature Options:
   -k filename.key   = specify private key for signing
   -c filename.cer   = specify a X.509 certificate that matches the private key
                       (by default, the file is assumed to be the same one
                       provided with the -k option.)
   -n  = read notes to accompany the copy from standard in.


Encryption Options:   Specify passphrase encryption for filename.aff with:
      file://:passphrase@/filename.aff

Examples:
       affcopy  file.aff   file://:mypassword@/file-encrypted.aff   - encrypt file.aff
       affcopy -vy -X9 *.aff s3:///     Copy all files in current
                               directory to S3 default bucket with X9 compression

affcrypto

Handle encryption issues

root@kali:~# affcrypto -h
affcrypto version 3.7.19
usage: affcrypto [options] filename.aff [filename2.aff ... ]
   prints if each file is encrypted or not.
options:
    -x      --- output in XML
    -j      --- Just print the number of encrypted segments
    -J      --- Just print the number of unencrypted segments

Data conversion options:
    -e      --- encrypt the unencrypted non-signature segments
    -d      --- decrypt the encrypted non-signature segments
    -r      --- change passphrase (take old and new from stdin)
    -O old  --- specify old passphrase
    -N new  --- specify new passphrase
    -K mykey.key  -- specifies a private keyfile for unsealing (may not be repeated)
    -C mycert.crt -- specifies a certificate file for sealing (may be repeated)
    -S      --- add symmetric encryptiong (passphrase) to AFFILE encrypted with public key
                    (requires a private key and a specified passphrase).
    -A      --- add asymmetric encryption to a AFFILE encrypted with a passphrase
                    (requires a certificate file spcified with the -C option

Password Cracking Options:
    -p passphrase --- checks to see if passphrase is the passphrase of the file
                exit code is 0 if it is, -1 if it is not
    -k      --- attempt to crack passwords by reading a list of passwords from ~/.affpassphrase
    -f file --- Crack passwords but read them from file.

Debugging:
    -V      --- Just print the version number and exit.
    -D      --- debug; print out each key as it is tried
    -l      --- List the installed hash and encryption algorithms 
Note: This program ignores the environment variables:
AFFLIB_PASSPHRASE
AFFLIB_PASSPHRASE_FILE
AFFLIB_PASSPHRASE_FD
AFFLIB_DECRYPTING_PRIVATE_KEYFILE

affdiskprint

Create a diskprint AFF structure

root@kali:~# affdiskprint -h
affdiskprint version 3.7.19
usage: affdiskprint [options] infile 
   -x XML     =   Verify the diskprint
   -V         =   Just print the version number and exit.
   -h         =   Print this help.

affinfo

Print information about an AFF file

root@kali:~# affinfo -h
affinfo version 3.7.19
usage: affinfo [options] infile
   -a = print ALL segments (normally data segments are suppressed)
   -b = print how many bad blocks in each segment (implies -a)
   -i = identify the files, don't do info on them.
   -w = wide output; print more than 1 line if necessary.
   -s segment =   Just print information about 'segment'.
                    (may be repeated)
   -m = validate MD5 hash of entire image
   -S = validate SHA1 hash of entire image
   -v = validate the hash of each page (if present)
   -y = don't print segments of lengths 16 and 20 as hex)
   -p<passphrase> = Specify <passphrase> to decrypt file
   -l = Just print the segment names and exit
   -V = Just print the version number and exit.

Preview Options:
   -X = no data preview; just print the segment names
   -x = print binary values in hex (default is ASCII)

Misc:
   -d = debug
   -A = if infile is a device, print the number of sectors
        and sector size to stdout in XML. Otherwise error

Compilation:
    LZMA compression: Enabled
    QEMU enabled
    FUSE enabled
    Amazon S3 enabled
    HAVE_LIBEXPAT 

affix

Fix a corrupted AFF file

root@kali:~# affix -h
usage: affix [options] file1 [...]
  -y = Actually modify the files; normally just reports the problems
  -v = Just print the version number and exit.

affrecover

Recover broken pages of an AFF file

root@kali:~# affrecover -h
usage: affrecover filename

affsegment

Segment manipulation tool

root@kali:~# affsegment -h
affsegment version 3.7.19
usage: affsegment [options] file1.aff [file2.aff ...]
options:
    -c              Create AFF files if they do not exist
    -ssegval        Sets the value of a segment; may be repeated
    -psegname       Prints the contents of the segment name for each file
    -V              Just print the version number and exit.
    -dname          Delete segment 'name'
    -h, -?          Print this message
    -Q              interpert 8-byte segments as a 64-bit value
    -A              Print the 32-bit arg, not the segment value
    -x              Print the segment as a hex string

Values for segval:

Setting the segment values:
    -sname=-        Take the new value of segment 'name' from stdin
    -sname=val      Sets segment 'name' to be 'val'  
    -sname=<val     Sets segment 'name' to be contents of file 'val'

Setting the segment args:
    -sname/arg       Sets segment 'name' arg to be 'arg'  (may be repeated)

Setting both the segment value and the arg:
    -sname/arg=val   Sets both arg and val for segment 'name'
    -sname/arg=<file Sets the arg and take contents from file 'file'
    -sname/arg=-     Sets the arg of segment 'name' and take the contents from stdin

Note: All deletions are done first, then all updates. Don't specify the
same segment twice on one command line.

affsign

Sign an existing AFF file

root@kali:~# affsign -h
affsign version 3.7.19
usage: affsign [options] filename.aff
This program will:
  * Sign each segment if there are no segment signatures.
  * Write signed chain-of-custody Bill of Materials segment.

Signature Options:
   -k filename.key   = specify private key for signing
   -c filename.cer   = specify a X.509 certificate that matches the private key
                       (by default, the file is assumed to be the same one
                       provided with the -k option.)
   -Z                = ZAP (remove) all signature segments.
options:
    -n      --- ask for a chain-of-custody note.
    -v      --- Just print the version number and exit.

affstats

Print specific statistics about one or more AFF files

root@kali:~# affstats -h
affstats version 3.7.19

usage: affstats [options] infile(s)
      -m = print all output in megabytes
      -V = Just print the version number and exit.

affuse

Provide access to AFF containers

root@kali:~# affuse -h
FUSE options:
    -d   -o debug          enable debug output (implies -f)
    -f                     foreground operation
    -s                     disable multi-threaded operation

    -o allow_other         allow access to other users
    -o allow_root          allow access to root
    -o auto_unmount        auto unmount on process termination
    -o nonempty            allow mounts over non-empty file/dir
    -o default_permissions enable permission checking by kernel
    -o fsname=NAME         set filesystem name
    -o subtype=NAME        set filesystem type
    -o large_read          issue large read requests (2.4 only)
    -o max_read=N          set maximum size of read requests

    -o hard_remove         immediate removal (don't hide files)
    -o use_ino             let filesystem set inode numbers
    -o readdir_ino         try to fill in d_ino in readdir
    -o direct_io           use direct I/O
    -o kernel_cache        cache files in kernel
    -o [no]auto_cache      enable caching based on modification times (off)
    -o umask=M             set file permissions (octal)
    -o uid=N               set file owner
    -o gid=N               set file group
    -o entry_timeout=T     cache timeout for names (1.0s)
    -o negative_timeout=T  cache timeout for deleted names (0.0s)
    -o attr_timeout=T      cache timeout for attributes (1.0s)
    -o ac_attr_timeout=T   auto cache timeout for attributes (attr_timeout)
    -o noforget            never forget cached inodes
    -o remember=T          remember cached inodes for T seconds (0s)
    -o nopath              don't supply path if not necessary
    -o intr                allow requests to be interrupted
    -o intr_signal=NUM     signal to send on interrupt (10)
    -o modules=M1[:M2...]  names of modules to push onto filesystem stack

    -o max_write=N         set maximum size of write requests
    -o max_readahead=N     set maximum readahead
    -o max_background=N    set number of maximum background requests
    -o congestion_threshold=N  set kernel's congestion threshold
    -o async_read          perform reads asynchronously (default)
    -o sync_read           perform reads synchronously
    -o atomic_o_trunc      enable atomic open+truncate support
    -o big_writes          enable larger than 4kB writes
    -o no_remote_lock      disable remote file locking
    -o no_remote_flock     disable remote file locking (BSD)
    -o no_remote_posix_lock disable remove file locking (POSIX)
    -o [no_]splice_write   use splice to write to the fuse device
    -o [no_]splice_move    move data while splicing to the fuse device
    -o [no_]splice_read    use splice to read from the fuse device

Module options:

[iconv]
    -o from_code=CHARSET   original encoding of file names (default: UTF-8)
    -o to_code=CHARSET	    new encoding of the file names (default: ANSI_X3.4-1968)

[subdir]
    -o subdir=DIR	    prepend this directory to all paths (mandatory)
    -o [no]rellinks	    transform absolute symlinks to relative

affverify

Verify the digital signature on a signed file

root@kali:~# affverify -h
affverify version 3.7.19
usage: affverify [options] filename.aff
Verifies the digital signatures on a file
options:
    -a      --- print all segments
    -V      --- Just print the version number and exit.
    -v      --- verbose
  SHA256 is operational

affxml

Print AFF information as XML

root@kali:~# affxml -h
affxml version 3.7.19
usage: affxml [options] infile... 
   -V         =   Just print the version number and exit
   -x         =   Don't include the infile filename in output.
   -j segname =   Just print information about segname 
                  (may be repeated)
   -s         =   output 'stats' for the file data (may a long time)

libafflib-dev

The Advanced Forensic Format (AFF) is on-disk format for storing computer forensic information. Critical features of AFF include:

  • AFF allows you to store both computer forensic data and associated metadata in one or more files.
  • AFF allows files to be digital signed, to provide for chain-of-custody and long-term file integrity.
  • AFF allows for forensic disk images to stored encrypted and decrypted on-the-fly for processing. This allows disk images containing privacy sensitive material to be stored on the Internet.

This package provides the development files.

Installed size: 873 KB
How to install: sudo apt install libafflib-dev

  • libafflib0v5

libafflib0v5

The Advanced Forensic Format (AFF) is on-disk format for storing computer forensic information. Critical features of AFF include:

  • AFF allows you to store both computer forensic data and associated metadata in one or more files.
  • AFF allows files to be digital signed, to provide for chain-of-custody and long-term file integrity.
  • AFF allows for forensic disk images to stored encrypted and decrypted on-the-fly for processing. This allows disk images containing privacy sensitive material to be stored on the Internet.

Installed size: 566 KB
How to install: sudo apt install libafflib0v5

  • libc6
  • libcurl4
  • libexpat1
  • libgcc-s1
  • libssl1.1
  • libstdc++6
  • zlib1g

Updated on: 2021-Nov-26