Packages and Binaries:

flashrom

flashrom is a tool for identifying, reading, writing, verifying and erasing flash chips. It’s often used to flash BIOS/EFI/coreboot/firmware/optionROM images in-system using a supported mainboard, but it also supports flashing of network cards (NICs), SATA controller cards, and other external devices which can program flash chips.

It supports a wide range of DIP32, PLCC32, DIP8, SO8/SOIC8, TSOP32/40/48, and BGA chips, which use various protocols such as LPC, FWH, parallel flash, or SPI.

The tool can be used to flash BIOS/firmware images for example – be it proprietary BIOS images or coreboot (previously known as LinuxBIOS) images.

It can also be used to read the current existing BIOS/firmware from a flash chip.

Currently supported programmers include:

  • internal (for in-system flashing in the mainboard)
  • dummy (virtual programmer for testing flashrom)
  • nic3com (for flash ROMs on 3COM network cards)
  • nicrealtek (for flash ROMs on Realtek and SMC 1211 network cards)
  • nicnatsemi (for flash ROMs on National Semiconductor DP838* network cards)
  • nicintel (for parallel flash ROMs on Intel 10/100Mbit network cards)
  • gfxnvidia (for flash ROMs on NVIDIA graphics cards)
  • drkaiser (for flash ROMs on Dr. Kaiser PC-Waechter PCI cards)
  • satasii (for flash ROMs on Silicon Image SATA/IDE controllers)
  • satamv (for flash ROMs on Marvell SATA controllers)
  • atahpt (for flash ROMs on Highpoint ATA/RAID controllers)
  • atavia (for flash ROMs on VIA VT6421A SATA controllers)
  • atapromise (for flash ROMs on Promise PDC2026x ATA/RAID controllers)
  • it8212 (for flash ROMs on ITE IT8212F ATA/RAID controller)
  • ft2232_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to an FT2232/FT4232H/FT232H family based USB SPI programmer), including the DLP Design DLP-USB1232H, FTDI FT2232H Mini-Module, FTDI FT4232H Mini-Module, openbiosprog-spi, Amontec JTAGkey/JTAGkey-tiny/JTAGkey-2, Dangerous Prototypes Bus Blaster, Olimex ARM-USB-TINY/-H, Olimex ARM-USB-OCD/-H, TIAO/DIYGADGET USB Multi-Protocol Adapter (TUMPA), TUMPA Lite, GOEPEL PicoTAP, Google Servo v1/v2, and FIC OpenMoko Neo1973 Debug board.
  • serprog (for flash ROMs attached to a programmer speaking serprog), including AVR flasher by Urja Rannikko, AVR flasher by eightdot, Arduino Mega flasher by fritz, InSystemFlasher by Juhana Helovuo, and atmegaXXu2-flasher by Stefan Tauner.
  • buspirate_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to a Bus Pirate)
  • dediprog (for SPI flash ROMs attached to a Dediprog SF100)
  • rayer_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to a RayeR parport based programmer)
  • pony_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to a SI-Prog serial port bitbanging adapter)
  • nicintel_spi (for SPI flash ROMs on Intel Gigabit network cards)
  • ogp_spi (for SPI flash ROMs on Open Graphics Project graphics card)
  • linux_spi (for SPI flash ROMs accessible via /dev/spidevX.Y on Linux)
  • usbblaster_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to an Altera USB-Blaster)
  • nicintel_eeprom (for SPI EEPROMs on Intel Gigabit network cards)
  • mstarddc_spi (for SPI flash ROMs accessible through DDC in MSTAR-equipped displays)
  • pickit2_spi (for SPI flash ROMs accessible via Microchip PICkit2)
  • ch341a_spi (for SPI flash ROMs attached to WCH CH341A)

Installed size: 971 KB
How to install: sudo apt install flashrom

  • libc6
  • libftdi1-2
  • libpci3
  • libusb-1.0-0
flashrom

Detect, read, write, verify and erase flash chips

root@kali:~# flashrom -h
flashrom v1.2 on Linux 5.14.0-kali4-amd64 (x86_64)
flashrom is free software, get the source code at https://flashrom.org

Usage: flashrom [-h|-R|-L|
	-p <programmername>[:<parameters>] [-c <chipname>]
		(--flash-name|--flash-size|
		 [-E|(-r|-w|-v) <file>]
		 [(-l <layoutfile>|--ifd| --fmap|--fmap-file <file>) [-i <imagename>]...]
		 [-n] [-N] [-f])]
	[-V[V[V]]] [-o <logfile>]

 -h | --help                        print this help text
 -R | --version                     print version (release)
 -r | --read <file>                 read flash and save to <file>
 -w | --write <file>                write <file> to flash
 -v | --verify <file>               verify flash against <file>
 -E | --erase                       erase flash memory
 -V | --verbose                     more verbose output
 -c | --chip <chipname>             probe only for specified flash chip
 -f | --force                       force specific operations (see man page)
 -n | --noverify                    don't auto-verify
 -N | --noverify-all                verify included regions only (cf. -i)
 -l | --layout <layoutfile>         read ROM layout from <layoutfile>
      --flash-name                  read out the detected flash name
      --flash-size                  read out the detected flash size
      --fmap                        read ROM layout from fmap embedded in ROM
      --fmap-file <fmapfile>        read ROM layout from fmap in <fmapfile>
      --ifd                         read layout from an Intel Firmware Descriptor
 -i | --image <name>                only flash image <name> from flash layout
 -o | --output <logfile>            log output to <logfile>
      --flash-contents <ref-file>   assume flash contents to be <ref-file>
 -L | --list-supported              print supported devices
 -p | --programmer <name>[:<param>] specify the programmer device. One of
    internal, dummy, nic3com, nicrealtek, gfxnvidia, drkaiser, satasii, atavia,
    it8212, ft2232_spi, serprog, buspirate_spi, dediprog, developerbox,
    rayer_spi, pony_spi, nicintel, nicintel_spi, nicintel_eeprom, ogp_spi,
    satamv, linux_mtd, linux_spi, usbblaster_spi, pickit2_spi, ch341a_spi,
    digilent_spi, stlinkv3_spi.

You can specify one of -h, -R, -L, -E, -r, -w, -v or no operation.
If no operation is specified, flashrom will only probe for flash chips.

libflashrom-dev

flashrom is a tool for identifying, reading, writing, verifying and erasing flash chips. It’s often used to flash BIOS/EFI/coreboot/firmware/optionROM images in-system using a supported mainboard, but it also supports flashing of network cards (NICs), SATA controller cards, and other external devices which can program flash chips.

It supports a wide range of DIP32, PLCC32, DIP8, SO8/SOIC8, TSOP32/40/48, and BGA chips, which use various protocols such as LPC, FWH, parallel flash, or SPI.

The tool can be used to flash BIOS/firmware images for example – be it proprietary BIOS images or coreboot (previously known as LinuxBIOS) images.

It can also be used to read the current existing BIOS/firmware from a flash chip.

This package provides flashrom header development files.

Installed size: 32 KB
How to install: sudo apt install libflashrom-dev

  • libflashrom1

libflashrom1

flashrom is a tool for identifying, reading, writing, verifying and erasing flash chips. It’s often used to flash BIOS/EFI/coreboot/firmware/optionROM images in-system using a supported mainboard, but it also supports flashing of network cards (NICs), SATA controller cards, and other external devices which can program flash chips.

It supports a wide range of DIP32, PLCC32, DIP8, SO8/SOIC8, TSOP32/40/48, and BGA chips, which use various protocols such as LPC, FWH, parallel flash, or SPI.

The tool can be used to flash BIOS/firmware images for example – be it proprietary BIOS images or coreboot (previously known as LinuxBIOS) images.

It can also be used to read the current existing BIOS/firmware from a flash chip.

This package provides flashrom library development files.

Installed size: 933 KB
How to install: sudo apt install libflashrom1

  • libc6
  • libftdi1-2
  • libpci3
  • libusb-1.0-0

Updated on: 2021-Nov-26