kal Usage Example

Scan for GSM base stations in the GSM-850 band (-s GSM850), then use channel 128 (-c 128) to get the frequency offset:

root@kali:~# kal -s GSM850
Found 1 device(s):
  0:  ezcap USB 2.0 DVB-T/DAB/FM dongle

Using device 0: ezcap USB 2.0 DVB-T/DAB/FM dongle
Found Rafael Micro R820T tuner
Exact sample rate is: 270833.002142 Hz
kal: Scanning for GSM-850 base stations.
GSM-850:
    chan: 128 (869.2MHz - 3.988kHz) power: 486634.32
    chan: 143 (872.2MHz - 3.760kHz) power: 56331.63

root@kali:~# kal -c 128
Found 1 device(s):
  0:  ezcap USB 2.0 DVB-T/DAB/FM dongle

Using device 0: ezcap USB 2.0 DVB-T/DAB/FM dongle
Found Rafael Micro R820T tuner
Exact sample rate is: 270833.002142 Hz
kal: Calculating clock frequency offset.
Using GSM-850 channel 128 (869.2MHz)
average     [min, max]  (range, stddev)
- 4.093kHz      [-4102, -4083]  (20, 5.314593)
overruns: 0
not found: 0
average absolute error: 4.709 ppm

Packages and Binaries:

kalibrate-rtl

Kalibrate, or kal, can scan for GSM base stations in a given frequency band and can use those GSM base stations to calculate the local oscillator frequency offset.

Installed size: 58 KB
How to install: sudo apt install kalibrate-rtl

  • libc6
  • libfftw3-double3
  • libgcc-s1
  • librtlsdr0
  • libstdc++6
  • rtl-sdr
kal
root@kali:~# kal -h
kalibrate v0.4.1-rtl, Copyright (c) 2010, Joshua Lackey
modified for use with rtl-sdr devices, Copyright (c) 2012, Steve Markgraf
Usage:
	GSM Base Station Scan:
		kal <-s band indicator> [options]

	Clock Offset Calculation:
		kal <-f frequency | -c channel> [options]

Where options are:
	-s	band to scan (GSM850, GSM-R, GSM900, EGSM, DCS, PCS)
	-f	frequency of nearby GSM base station
	-c	channel of nearby GSM base station
	-b	band indicator (GSM850, GSM-R, GSM900, EGSM, DCS, PCS)
	-g	gain in dB
	-d	rtl-sdr device index
	-e	initial frequency error in ppm
	-E	manual frequency offset in hz
	-v	verbose
	-D	enable debug messages
	-h	help

Updated on: 2021-Nov-26