Packages and Binaries:


Cgpt is a tool to manipulate GUID Partition Table from command line. It also supports Chromium OS extensions enabling you to change priority for kernel partitions.

Installed size: 76 KB
How to install: sudo apt install cgpt

  • flashrom
  • libc6
  • libuuid1

Utility to manipulate GPT partitions with Chromium OS extensions

root@kali:~# cgpt -h


Supported COMMANDs:

    create           Create or reset GPT headers and tables
    add              Add, edit or remove a partition entry
    show             Show partition table and entries
    repair           Repair damaged GPT headers and tables
    boot             Edit the PMBR sector for legacy BIOSes
    find             Locate a partition by its GUID
    edit             Edit a drive entry
    prioritize       Reorder the priority of all kernel partitions
    legacy           Switch between GPT and Legacy GPT

For more detailed usage, use cgpt COMMAND -h


This package provides the futility program (including the vbutil_kernel program required to sign custom kernels in order to get them booted by Chrome OS devices (i.e. Chromebooks)).

Installed size: 1020 KB
How to install: sudo apt install vboot-kernel-utils

  • coreboot-utils
  • flashrom
  • libc6
  • libflashrom1
  • libssl3t64

Unified firmware utility

root@kali:~# futility --help

Usage: futility [options] COMMAND [args...]

This is the unified firmware utility, which will eventually replace
most of the distinct verified boot tools formerly produced by the
vboot_reference package.

When symlinked under the name of one of those previous tools, it should
fully implement the original behavior. It can also be invoked directly
as futility, followed by the original name as the first argument.

Global options:

  --vb1        Use only vboot v1.0 binary formats
  --vb21       Use only vboot v2.1 binary formats
  --debug      Be noisy about what's going on

The following commands are built-in:

  create               Create a keypair from an RSA .pem file
  dump_fmap            Display FMAP contents from a firmware image
  dump_kernel_config   Prints the kernel command line
  gbb                  Manipulate the Google Binary Block (GBB)
  gbb_utility          Legacy name for `gbb` command
  gscvd                Create RO verification structure
  help                 Show a bit of help (you're looking at it)
  load_fmap            Replace the contents of specified FMAP areas
  pcr                  Simulate a TPM PCR extension operation
  show                 Display the content of various binary components
  sign                 Sign / resign various binary components
  update               Update system firmware
  validate_rec_mrc     Validates content of Recovery MRC cache
  vbutil_firmware      Verified boot firmware utility
  vbutil_kernel        Creates, signs, and verifies the kernel partition
  vbutil_key           Wraps RSA keys with vboot headers
  vbutil_keyblock      Creates, signs, and verifies a keyblock
  verify               Verify the signatures of various binary components. This does not verify GSCVD contents.
  version              Show the futility source revision and build date

Use "futility help COMMAND" for more information.


Utility to sign custom kernels to boot with Chrome OS devices

root@kali:~# vbutil_kernel --help

Usage:  futility vbutil_kernel --pack <file> [PARAMETERS]

  Required parameters:
    --keyblock <file>         Keyblock in .keyblock format
    --signprivate <file>      Private key to sign kernel data,
                                in .vbprivk format
    --version <number>        Kernel version
    --vmlinuz <file>          Linux kernel bzImage file
    --bootloader <file>       Bootloader stub
    --config <file>           Command line file
    --arch <arch>             Cpu architecture (default x86)

    --kloadaddr <address>     Assign kernel body load address
    --pad <number>            Verification padding size in bytes
    --vblockonly              Emit just the verification blob
    --flags NUM               Flags to be passed in the header


Usage:  futility vbutil_kernel --repack <file> [PARAMETERS]

  Required parameters:
    --signprivate <file>      Private key to sign kernel data,
                                in .vbprivk format
    --oldblob <file>          Previously packed kernel blob
                                (including verification blob)

    --keyblock <file>         Keyblock in .keyblock format
    --config <file>           New command line file
    --version <number>        Kernel version
    --kloadaddr <address>     Assign kernel body load address
    --pad <number>            Verification blob size in bytes
    --vblockonly              Emit just the verification blob


Usage:  futility vbutil_kernel --verify <file> [PARAMETERS]

    --signpubkey <file>       Public key to verify kernel keyblock,
                                in .vbpubk format
    --verbose                 Print a more detailed report
    --keyblock <file>         Outputs the verified keyblock,
                                in .keyblock format
    --pad <number>            Verification padding size in bytes
    --minversion <number>     Minimum combined kernel key version


Usage:  futility vbutil_kernel --get-vmlinuz <file> [PARAMETERS]

  Required parameters:
    --vmlinuz-out <file>      vmlinuz image output file


This package contains a set of tools to deal with Chromebook internals, and the verified version of u-boot. Namely: bmpblk_font bmpblk_utility chromeos-tpm-recovery crossystem dev_debug_vboot dev_make_keypair dumpRSAPublicKey eficompress efidecompress enable_dev_usb_boot load_kernel_test pad_digest_utility signature_digest_utility tpm-nvsize tpm_init_temp_fix tpmc vbutil_what_key verify_data.

The programs previously included in this package: dump_fmap dump_kernel_config futility gbb_utility vbutil_firmware vbutil_key vbutil_keyblock, are now grouped in the futility program in the package vboot-kernel-utils.

Most users don’t need this package, and should look for the cgpt and vboot-kernel-utils packages instead.

Installed size: 277 KB
How to install: sudo apt install vboot-utils

  • flashrom
  • libc6
  • libssl3t64
  • vboot-kernel-utils
root@kali:~# chromeos-tpm-recovery -h
ERROR: You must put a test image on a USB stick and boot it in recovery mode (this means Esc+Refresh+Power, *not* Ctrl-U!) to run this


Chrome OS firmware/system interface utility

root@kali:~# crossystem -h
  crossystem [--all]
    Prints all parameters with descriptions and current values.
    If --all is specified, prints even normally hidden fields.
  crossystem [param1 [param2 [...]]]
    Prints the current value(s) of the parameter(s).
  crossystem [param1=value1] [param2=value2 [...]]]
    Sets the parameter(s) to the specified value(s).
  crossystem [param1?value1] [param2?value2 [...]]]
    Checks if the parameter(s) all contain the specified value(s).
    Stops at the first error.

Valid parameters:
  arch                     [RO/str] Platform architecture
  backup_nvram_request     [RW/int] Backup the nvram somewhere at the next boot. Cleared on success.
  battery_cutoff_request   [RW/int] Cut off battery and shutdown on next boot
  block_devmode            [RW/int] Block all use of developer mode
  clear_tpm_owner_done     [RW/int] Clear TPM owner done
  clear_tpm_owner_request  [RW/int] Clear TPM owner on next boot
  cros_debug               [RO/int] OS should allow debug features
  dbg_reset                [RW/int] Debug reset mode request
  debug_build              [RO/int] OS image built for debug features
  dev_boot_altfw           [RW/int] Enable developer mode alternate bootloader
  dev_boot_signed_only     [RW/int] Enable developer mode boot only from official kernels
  dev_boot_usb             [RW/int] Enable developer mode boot from external disk (USB/SD)
  dev_default_boot         [RW/str] Default boot from disk, altfw or usb
  dev_enable_udc           [RW/int] Enable USB Device Controller
  devsw_boot               [RO/int] Developer switch position at boot
  devsw_cur                [RO/int] Developer switch current position
  diagnostic_request       [RW/int] Request diagnostic rom run on next boot
  disable_dev_request      [RW/int] Disable virtual dev-mode on next boot
  ecfw_act                 [RO/str] Active EC firmware
  post_ec_sync_delay       [RW/int] Short delay after EC software sync (persistent, writable, eve only)
  fw_prev_result           [RO/str] Firmware result of previous boot
  fw_prev_tried            [RO/str] Firmware tried on previous boot (A or B)
  fw_result                [RW/str] Firmware result this boot
  fw_tried                 [RO/str] Firmware tried this boot (A or B)
  fw_try_count             [RW/int] Number of times to try fw_try_next
  fw_try_next              [RW/str] Firmware to try next (A or B)
  fw_vboot2                [RO/int] 1 if firmware was selected by vboot2 or 0 otherwise
  fwb_tries                [RW/int] Try firmware B count
  fwid                     [RO/str] Active firmware ID
  fwupdate_tries           [RW/int] Times to try OS firmware update (inside kern_nv)
  hwid                     [RO/str] Hardware ID
  inside_vm                [RO/int] Running in a VM?
  kern_nv                  [RO/int] Non-volatile field for kernel use
  kernel_max_rollforward   [RW/int] Max kernel version to store into TPM
  kernkey_vfy              [RO/str] Type of verification done on kernel keyblock
  loc_idx                  [RW/int] Localization index for firmware screens
  mainfw_act               [RO/str] Active main firmware
  mainfw_type              [RO/str] Active main firmware type
  minios_priority          [RW/str] miniOS image to try first (A or B)
  nvram_cleared            [RW/int] Have NV settings been lost?  Write 0 to clear
  display_request          [RW/int] Should we initialize the display at boot?
  phase_enforcement        [RO/int] Board should have full security settings applied
  recovery_reason          [RO/int] Recovery mode reason for current boot
  recovery_request         [RW/int] Recovery mode request
  recovery_subcode         [RW/int] Recovery reason subcode
  recoverysw_boot          [RO/int] Recovery switch position at boot
  recoverysw_cur           [RO/int] Recovery switch current position
  recoverysw_ec_boot       [RO/int] Recovery switch position at EC boot
  ro_fwid                  [RO/str] Read-only firmware ID
  tpm_attack               [RW/int] TPM was interrupted since this flag was cleared
  tpm_fwver                [RO/int] Firmware version stored in TPM
  tpm_kernver              [RO/int] Kernel version stored in TPM
  tpm_rebooted             [RO/int] TPM requesting repeated reboot
  tried_fwb                [RO/int] Tried firmware B before A this boot
  try_ro_sync              [RO/int] try read only software sync
  vdat_flags               [RO/int] Flags from VbSharedData
  vdat_lfdebug             [RO/str] LoadFirmware() debug data (not in print-all)
  wipeout_request          [RW/int] Firmware requested factory reset (wipeout)
  wpsw_cur                 [RO/int] Firmware write protect hardware switch current position

For more information, please see:

root@kali:~# dev_debug_vboot -h

Usage: dev_debug_vboot [options] [DIRECTORY]

This logs as much as it can about the verified boot process. With no arguments
it will attempt to read the current BIOS, extract the firmware keys, and use
those keys to validate all the ChromeOS kernel partitions it can find. A
summary output is printed on stdout, and the detailed log is copied to
/var/log/debug_vboot_noisy.log afterwards.

If a directory is given, it will attempt to use the components from that
directory and will leave the detailed log in that directory.


   -b FILE, --bios FILE        Specify the BIOS image to use
   -i FILE, --image FILE       Specify the disk image to use
   -k FILE, --kernel FILE      Specify the kernel partition image to use
   -v                          Spew the detailed log to stdout

   -c, --cleanup               Delete the DIRECTORY when done

   -h, --help                  Print this help message and exit

root@kali:~# dumpRSAPublicKey -h
Usage: dumpRSAPublicKey <-cert | -pub> <file>

root@kali:~# dump_fmap --help

Usage:  futility dump_fmap [OPTIONS] FLASHIMAGE [NAME...]

Display (and extract) the FMAP components from a BIOS image.

  -x             Extract the named sections from the file
  -h             Use a human-readable format
  -H             With -h, display any gaps
  -p             Use a format easy to parse by scripts
  -F             Use the format expected by flashrom

Specify one or more NAMEs to dump only those sections.

root@kali:~# dump_kernel_config --help

Usage:  futility dump_kernel_config [--kloadaddr ADDRESS] KERNEL_PARTITION


root@kali:~# gbb_utility --help

Usage:  futility gbb_utility [-g|-s|-c] [OPTIONS] bios_file [output_file]

-g, --get   (default)	Get (read) from bios_file, with following options:
     --hwid          	Report hardware id (default).
     --flags         	Report header flags.
     --digest        	Report digest of hwid (>= v1.2)
 -k, --rootkey=FILE  	File name to export Root Key.
 -b, --bmpfv=FILE    	File name to export Bitmap FV.
 -r  --recoverykey=FILE	File name to export Recovery Key.

-s, --set            	Set (write) to bios_file, with following options:
 -o, --output=FILE   	New file name for ouptput.
     --hwid=HWID     	The new hardware id to be changed.
     --flags=FLAGS   	The new (numeric) flags value.
 -k, --rootkey=FILE  	File name of new Root Key.
 -b, --bmpfv=FILE    	File name of new Bitmap FV.
 -r  --recoverykey=FILE	File name of new Recovery Key.

-c, --create=hwid_size,rootkey_size,bmpfv_size,recoverykey_size
                     	Create a GBB blob by given size list.
  gbb_utility -g bios.bin
  gbb_utility --set --hwid='New Model' -k key.bin bios.bin newbios.bin
  gbb_utility -c 0x100,0x1000,0x03DE80,0x1000 gbb.blob

root@kali:~# tpm-nvsize -h
running tpmc definespace 0xf004 0x1 0x1


root@kali:~# vbutil_firmware --help

Usage:  futility vbutil_firmware <--vblock|--verify> <file> [OPTIONS]

For '--vblock <file>', required OPTIONS are:

  --keyblock <file>           Keyblock in .keyblock format
  --signprivate <file>        Signing private key in .vbprivk format
  --version <number>          Firmware version
  --fv <file>                 Firmware volume to sign
  --kernelkey <file>          Kernel subkey in .vbpubk format

optional OPTIONS are:
  --flags <number>            Preamble flags (defaults to 0)

For '--verify <file>', required OPTIONS are:

  --signpubkey <file>         Signing public key in .vbpubk format
  --fv <file>                 Firmware volume to verify

For '--verify <file>', optional OPTIONS are:
  --kernelkey <file>          Write the kernel subkey to this file

root@kali:~# vbutil_key --help

Usage:  futility vbutil_key --pack <outfile> [PARAMETERS]

  Required parameters:
    --key <infile>              RSA key file (.keyb or .pem)
    --version <number>          Key version number (required for .keyb,
                                  ignored for .pem)
    --algorithm <number>        Signing algorithm to use with key:
                                  0 = (RSA1024 SHA1)
                                  1 = (RSA1024 SHA256)
                                  2 = (RSA1024 SHA512)
                                  3 = (RSA2048 SHA1)
                                  4 = (RSA2048 SHA256)
                                  5 = (RSA2048 SHA512)
                                  6 = (RSA4096 SHA1)
                                  7 = (RSA4096 SHA256)
                                  8 = (RSA4096 SHA512)
                                  9 = (RSA8192 SHA1)
                                  10 = (RSA8192 SHA256)
                                  11 = (RSA8192 SHA512)
                                  12 = (RSA2048 EXP3 SHA1)
                                  13 = (RSA2048 EXP3 SHA256)
                                  14 = (RSA2048 EXP3 SHA512)
                                  15 = (RSA3072 EXP3 SHA1)
                                  16 = (RSA3072 EXP3 SHA256)
                                  17 = (RSA3072 EXP3 SHA512)


Usage:  futility vbutil_key --unpack <infile>

  Optional parameters:
    --copyto <file>             Write a copy of the key to this file.

root@kali:~# vbutil_keyblock --help

Usage:  futility vbutil_keyblock <--pack|--unpack> <file> [OPTIONS]

For '--pack <file>', required OPTIONS are:
  --datapubkey <file>         Data public key in .vbpubk format

Optional OPTIONS are:
  --signprivate <file>        Signing private key in .vbprivk format.
  --signprivate_pem <file>
  --pem_algorithm <algo>
        Signing private key in .pem format and algorithm id.
(If one of the above arguments is not specified, the keyblock will
not be signed.)

  --flags <number>            Specifies allowed use conditions.
  --externalsigner "cmd"        Use an external program cmd to calculate the signatures.

For '--unpack <file>', optional OPTIONS are:
  --signpubkey <file>        Signing public key in .vbpubk format. This is required to
                                verify a signed keyblock.
  --datapubkey <file>        Write the data public key to this file.

Updated on: 2024-May-23